The magic of physics


2022

René Staritzbichler

Guiding question

How real is reality?

  • true nature of phenomena

Opposites of real

  • dreams
  • hallucinations
  • deceptions
  • projections

What means 'reality'?

All we perceive, the way we perceive it

  • size
  • weight
  • color / taste / smell ...
  • solidity
  • age
  • consistency
    • lastingness
    • causality
    • nature = appearance
  • independence
  • objectivity
  • individuality
  • variety

The bricks of the castle of reality

Reality is not the way we perceive it



$ \text{"nature} \ne \text{appearance"} $


q,e have no size

Puffing up

Solidity and permanence result from our time-window

Collapsing variety

ALL objects consists of mainly

  • electrons
  • up and down quarks
  • exchange particles = forces

Perfect equality

Absolutely no differences in the microcosmos

Thus there is no such thing as age

Quark

James Joyce 1882 - 1941

Finnegans Wake: "Three quarks for muster mark"

Together forever

Quarks cannot exist alone

The great misunderstanding

Particles do not have mass, they receive it
from interacting with the all-pervading Higgs field

Higgs and ... god

Sensual qualities

  • vision / taste / smell / sound / touch

Any perception is a product of our brain!

Good bye 'reality'

  • size
  • weight
  • color / taste / smell ...
  • solidity
  • age
  • consistency
    • lastingness
    • causality
    • nature = appearance
  • independence
  • objectivity
  • individuality
  • variety

The magic

  • total transformability
  • no separation

The magician

Albert Einstein 1879 - 1955

The formula of magic

$E=m\cdot c^2$

"No" limits

Any particle can be transformed into any other kind

The next level

Read this with kinetic energy:

$E=m\cdot c^2$

"Mass is motion, motion is mass"

Mass to motion

Motion to mass

Elastic $e^-, e^+$ scattering events at CERN

IN:

  • $e^-, e^+$

OUT:

  • $e^-, e^+$
  • particle jets

Large Insane scale transformations

Insane precision

Ligo: $\quad \Delta x < \frac{\oslash_{proton}}{ 10000}$

Insane proportions

  • 35 & 30 x $ m_{sun}$, 1 bil. years ago
  • 3 x $m_{sun}$ 'disappeared'
  • 1 mio x $m_{earth}$ transformed into gravitational waves
  • 2 kg in biggest explosion on earth

A scientific singularity?

The illusion of separation


Albert Einstein: "God doesn't throw dice"


He was wrong ... but opened the door to magic

Interaction = exchange

Repulsion

The EPR Gedankenexperiment


IF quantum mechanics is right

THEN there would be an instantaneous interaction

THUS quantum mechanics must be wrong ...

Entanglement

Anton Zeilinger

The real ghost interaction

Zeilinger: between canary islands

China: 1200km via Micius satelites

The cat that was never there

Picture taken with entangled photons,

that never interacted with Zeilinger´s cat

Space is no nothingness

$E_0 > 0 $

$\Delta E \Delta t \ge \frac{\hbar}{2}$

The cosmic joke

  • zoom in
    • reality fades
    • magic appears
  • zoom out
    • magic hides
    • reality unfolds
  • do it again

Dual reality

  • things appear as real
    • complex interplay
    • projection
  • the nature of all appearances
    • nothing truly exists

simultaneous & inseparable

Same insight

without giant devices

Thank you very much for listening without turning into a rubberduck!

Sources of images

  • slide 5: desy.de
  • slide 6, : wikipedia.org
  • slide : ligo.org
  • slide : sciencenews.org
  • slide : cern.ch
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